Historical Dictionary of Ancient Greek Philosophy (Historical Dictionaries of Religions, Philosophies, and Movements Series)

The old Greeks weren't basically the founders of western philosophy, however the real time period "philosophy" is Greek in foundation, probably courting again to the overdue 6th century BC. Socrates, Plato, Aristotle, Pythagoras, Euclid, and Thales are yet some of the better-known philosophers of old Greece. through the amazingly fertile interval working from approximately the center of the 1st millennium BC to the center of the 1st millennium advert, the area observed the increase of technological know-how, a variety of colleges of concept, and—many believe—the delivery of contemporary civilization.

This moment version of Historical Dictionary of historic Greek Philosophy covers the historical past of Greek philosophy via a chronology, an introductory essay, a word list, and an in depth bibliography. The dictionary part has over 1500 cross-referenced entries on very important philosophers, innovations, concerns, and occasions. This e-book is a superb entry element for college students, researchers, and somebody desirous to recognize extra approximately Greek philosophy.

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ISIDORE OF ALEXANDRIA (Fifth century CE). Successor of Marinus as Scholarch of the Platonic tuition in Athens, he used to be a instructor of Damascius, who wrote a biography of him; a few fragments stay. 148 • ISOCRATES OF ATHENS Isidore used to be eased out of his place in Athens; he moved to Alexandria the place, in response to Damascius, he married the ill-fated Hypatia. ISOCRATES OF ATHENS (437–338 BCE). scholar of Gorgias, very likely of Socrates. His college, opened in his domestic in 392 BCE, expected in its association the universities of Plato and Aristotle. even though he begun as a Rhetorician, and his college is usually known as “Sophistic,” he himself claimed that he was once instructing philosophia. He sincerely had a philosophy of schooling, and of different functional components. there's a particularly major variety of writings extant (three volumes within the Loeb series)—speeches that he wrote early in his occupation, for others to bring; a critique of the Sophists; an essay known as the Busiris within which between different issues he claims that philosophy originated in Egypt; and his Panegyric and Antidosis, essays within which he defends his political standpoint. ISONOMIA. Equality of political rights. Plato refers to isonomia among women and men as a attribute of the democratic country, Republic VIII. 563b. –J– JEROME (347–420 CE). Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus, translator of the Bible into Latin. JUDAISM. even though a few old authors devised fanciful chronologies and situations in an try and display that Pythagoras and/or Plato used to be acquainted with the Torah, or perhaps with Moses himself, the 1st fairly transparent connection among Greek philosophy and Judaism is within the individual of Philo of Alexandria, who mixed wisdom of either traditions with the will to teach that they have been in keeping with one another. to make certain, the Hebrew Bible have been translated into Greek within the 3rd to moment centuries BCE, based on legend, on the request of Ptolemy Philadelphus, for inclusion within the Library of Alexandria. For the main half, the Jewish highbrow culture attempted to prevent infection by way of Greek philosophy, and the Greek philosophical tra- KAKOS, KAKE¯, KAKON • 149 dition spoke back via no longer paying a lot cognizance to the Jewish highbrow culture. within the Medieval interval, fairly within the Islamic lands, extra synthesis of Jewish and Greek philosophical rules did take place, yet that's open air the scope of this Dictionary. JUDGMENT. See DOXA. JULIAN THE APOSTATE (331–363 CE). Flavius Claudius Iulianus, mentioned Christian, switched over to paganism; as Emperor (361–363) he tried to revive pagan practices within the Empire. prior to changing into Emperor, he had studied Neoplatonism and was once really favorable to the Theurgy (theourgia) of Iamblichus. JULIAN THE THEURGIST (fl. 173 CE). He brought the Chaldaean Oracles to the realm, having, as he says, stored them from a rainstorm in an army camp in 173 (thus the date). Julian claims that they derive from historical pronouncements of the deities of Chaldaea (Iraq), notwithstanding sleek students locate them particularly such as the Neoplatonic philosophy of Numenius, an older modern of Julian.

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