Libanius's Progymnasmata: Model Exercises in Greek Prose Composition and Rhetoric (Writings from the Greco-Roman World)

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Title: Libanius's Progymnasmata
Author: Libanius/ Gibson, Craig (TRN)
Publisher: Lightning resource Inc
Publication Date: 2008/11/20
Number of Pages: 571
Binding kind: PAPERBACK
Library of Congress: 2008043282

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The opposite Ajax, son of Telamon. sixty seven. Agamemnon and Menelaus. sixty eight. Cf. Refutation 2. 15. sixty nine. Agamemnon. 70. Homer, Od. three. 134–150. seventy one. Cf. Refutation 2. sixteen. 138 libanius’s  progymnasmata αὐτοῖς κολάζουσιν εἴδεσιν, ἀλλὰ τὸν μὲν εἰς πενίαν ἐνέβαλον, τὸν δὲ παίδων ἀπεστέρησαν, τῷ δὲ τὸ σῶμα ἐπήρωσαν, καὶ τῷ μέν τις ἐτελεύτησεν, ὁ δὲ ζῶν ἐν πλάνῃ κακοπαθεῖ. ταύτην καὶ Μενέλαος ἐδίδου δίκην πόρρω μὲν ὢν τῆς οἰκείας, αἰσχυνόμενος δὲ τοὺς ζῶντας ὑπὲρ τῶν οἰχομένων, ἀντὶ δὲ τῆς ἐν Σπάρτῃ βασιλείας <ἀπολαύων> πολλῷ ταπεινότερα τῆς ἀξίας τῆς αὑτοῦ, περὶ θύρας ἀλλοτρίας ἠναγκασμένος περιπατεῖν. The routines in Refutation and affirmation 139 haste. (13) however the gods don't punish males within the comparable methods; really, they throw one guy into poverty, yet deprive one other of his kids, and disable the physique of yet one more, after which one guy dies, whereas one other, nonetheless residing, suffers miserably in his wanderings. Menelaus, too, paid this penalty: being faraway from domestic, yet feeling disgrace earlier than the residing on behalf of the lifeless, and rather than a kingship in Sparta issues a long way underneath a guy of his station, pressured as he used to be to wander round different men’s thresholds. seventy two seventy two. Homer, Od. three. 276–312. Cf. Refutation 2. 17. The workout in universal subject matters The workout in universal subject matters (topos or koinos topos) requested scholars to assault an stated legal, comparable to an adulterer, or to talk in aid of an stated benefactor, comparable to a struggle hero or lawgiver. This workout hence stocks a few gains of encomium and invective, the following routines within the series. a few theorists, in spite of the fact that, rejected the second one classification (see Nicolaus 37–38), or even between those that didn't, it appears nearly all of universal subject matters routines have been dedicated to attacking criminals. at least, from such “common” issues, it used to be believed, scholars may perhaps simply learn how to compose speeches geared toward specific members. 4 of the 5 matters of universal issues that seem the following (the assassin, traitor, tyrant, and tyrannicide) are regular figures in rhetorical handbooks, however the subject matter of the surgeon poisoner (example three) as a subject matter for universal issues is exclusive to Libanius’s assortment. This final instance is a double topos, during which both either components are felony (e. g. , murderous thief) or, as with Libanius’s instance, one point complicates the opposite (e. g. , lady tyrannicide, temple-robbing priest). 3 different renowned topics of universal subject matters routines make their visual appeal inside Libanius’s examples, besides: the adulterer (1. 15–17, 22, 24; 2. 13–14, 18; four. 15, 16); the tomb robber (1. 18–19, 22; 2. 13–14; four. 15); and the temple robber (1. 15, 20; 2. 13–14, 18; four. 15). the traditional theorists disagreed at the headings to be integrated during this workout and the order during which they need to be handled, and Libanius turns out to agree accurately without any of them. as an alternative, his pattern workouts take the subsequent shape: short creation; argument from the other of the act; exposition of the act, together with a dialogue of the subject’s frame of mind, a brilliant description of the act, and an evaluation of its effects; argument from comparability to different acts, together with an announcement concerning the entire nature of the act; argument from antecedent acts; feedback of the subject’s frame of mind (gnômê); rejection of pity (or its contrary, whilst required), .

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